Naru's Happy Travel
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.14354/yjk.2010.33.117
예이츠의 혼종적 민족주의
부산대
원고접수일: 2010년 4월 30일, 수정일: 2010년 5월 20일, 게재확정일: 2010년 5월 30일
W. B. Yeats's Hybrid Nationalism
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Abstract
Despite the controversy over Yeat’s political position, it is manifest that he was a nationalist who passionately loved his homeland, Ireland. But the nationalism he has pursued was different from those of other nationalists of his time. This thesis explores Yeats’ special nature of nationalism of that is reflected in his various works.
Yeats’ nationalist philosophy is formed on the basis of his view of cyclic history which is well embodied in A Vision. Unlike the historical view of the Western world, as a whole Yeats does not presuppose any specific teleological beginning or end. For Yeats, death and revival are always repeated anew in regular spans of time: the universe repeats genesis and extinction and every life repeats metempsychosis. He attacks the project of modernity as a teleological fiction, : that is, as a myth occupying the spirit of the time, and as a mere “gigantic story.” There is no possibility for a tradition to definitely overcome another waning it completely, and thus history is far from being teleological.
Yeats has tried to serve his homeland through poetry and drama, making use of their popularity for heightening people’s perception of the reality of the time and his artistic achievement. But the upcoming middle class, arising as a new political power in Ireland, couldn't understand his intention. But, having witnessed in the Easter Rising in 1916 that the spirit of the nation still survives, he came to conceive a new hope for his homeland. About the heroic deeds done by the patriots killed in that event, he regretted for the bloody violences happened there and enthrallment for their deeds of “terrible beauty” at the same time.
Yeats sees that Ireland needs to find its own characteristic culture and identity in order to achieve independence from the hands of England. Guarding against pursuing exclusively what is Irish, he also wants to acknowledge the diversity of culture lying inside the boundaries of Ireland.
Stressing that various different cultures are conflicting with one another outwardly, are reciprocal rather than exclusive actually, he seeks the way of hybrid nationalism.


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