ISSN : 2288-5412(Online)
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.14354/yjk.2010.34.145
Resistance and Postcoloniality of W. B. Yeats’s ‘Crazy Jane Peoms’
‘Crazy Jane’ resembles the Cailleach Bhearra, the goddess who serves not onlyas historian of the land and teacher of the farmers but also as bearer ofsovereignty. Therefore her challenge to the colonial legacy is identified with thenewly formed Irish state. What are the most abject of British stereotypes of Ireland－recklessness, vagrancy, violence and so on－ironically transform themselvesthrough ‘Crazy Jane’ into the antithetical values of passion, earthiness, andexuberance. Overthrowing the preconditions of British and Church authorities, shecriticizes both the Irish Catholic Church and the British authority which hasappropriated Ireland. In addition, by using the ballad form, Yeats consolidates thenationalist intent of these poems.
Therefore, ‘Crazy Jane’ may be identified with Yeats' alter ego, the personalitythat represents Yeats’ various ideological positions. Subverting the British colonialistson the same stereotypes that British colonialists used to exploit the Irish people, shedenounces both the stiff ethics of Irish Catholicism and the prevailing Irishpatriarchy. Therefore, we can conclude that ‘Crazy Jane’ resembles a cubist iconthat superimposes the double aspects of the Irish postcolonial state.