ISSN : 2288-5412(Online)
DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.14354/yjk.2006.25.161
Irish Catholicism in Poetries of Yeats and Heaney
At the first stage of his writing, Yeats tries to consider Irish Catholicism asholy, combining it with mysticism of theosophy. And also he uses it to strengthennationalism. However, Catholicism of that time, unlike what Yeats thought, sticks tothe practical line, which makes Yeats criticize its materialistic ends. Meanwhile,talking about Heaney, although he accepts its values of contributing to thecommunal union and he himself is a serious devotee to pilgrimage going to LoughDerg or Station Ireland. Heaney feels at ease because of Catholic's fanaticism andoppression imposed on individuals.
The final conclusion of this paper is that although these two poets, Yeats andHeaney, accept that Irish Catholicism has contributed to inspiration of the nationalpatriotism and promoted the modernization of independent Ireland, they criticizesthat Irish Catholicism is lacking its artistic spirituality and that it is a trap fromwhich artists are to escape.