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What We Know We Don’t Know When Jumping on the Wagon of Transnationalism: What the Transnational Turn Entails in Literary Studies?*

Seongho Yoon
Hanyang University

Abstract

It has been trumpeted out that the narrowly focused attention on a singlenational literature and inattentiveness to its relationship to other literatures are nottenable any more. The recognition of the peculiarly entangled web of border-crossingrelationships to other literatures leads to a correspondingly wide variety of criticalpractices to capture a diverse and hybrid literary dynamics. As such, the“transnational turn” has been instrumental in honing new interpretative practices thatare not only expansive but also flexible enough to locate a literature in relation toother national traditions and within a global context. Nonetheless, it remains to beseen whether it is still premature to jump on the bandwagon called transnationalism,given that there is a discrepancy between what transnationalism claims to do andwhat it actually performs in redefining the parameters of literary studies. Suchdiscrepancy becomes prominent when it comes to transnational studies’ contingenciesvis-à-vis the dominant American culture and the US-centered globalization. It is alegitimate concern because the very prefix “trans” in transnationalism more often thannot creates the illusion of a move beyond when there has been no such movement inactuality. This article thus examines what the transnational turn entails in literarystudies in general and Irish literary studies in particular.

트랜스내셔널리즘이라는 마차에 올라타기—트랜스내셔널 선회가 문학연구 제기하는 문제들

윤성호
한양대학교 영문과

초록

이 논문은 트랜스내셔널 선회가 문학연구에 가져온 영향을 검토한다.국가의 경계를 넘어 다양한 교차의 흔적들을 추적하는 작업은 국민문학의 범주를 넘어서는 개별 문학의 진면목을 발견할 수 있게 해준다. 그러나 동시에 이것은 여전히강고한 민족주의의 영향력과 주변부 문학의 활력과 개별적 특성이라는 문제를 어떻게풀 것인가 하는 숙제를 남긴다. 이러한 문제의식을 가지고 이 논문은 트랜스내셔널 선회를 문학연구에 수용함에 있어 발생하는 새로운 가능성과 한계를 동시에 검토한다.
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